The Malampaya Sound is part of a large protected area around Palawan Island that includes mangrove forests, coral reefs, and seagrass meadows. It is home to a number of threatened or endangered species restricted to Palawan. There are endangered dugongs, green and hawksbill sea turtles, and the critically endangered Irrawaddy dolphin.
Fishing is the primary occupation of about 70 percent of the people in the municipality. The area’s population has grown in recent years, leading to damaging competition for resources. There has been a surge in illegal fishing, sometimes involving the use of fine-mesh nets, dynamite, or chemicals.
Local fisherfolk, most of whom are women, rightly see overfishing as a serious threat to their livelihoods and futures–and are stepping up to enforce fishing restrictions in a large area. A new floating watchtower, signs, and equipment will aid enforcement. Community members are already working on conservation with the Philippines Department of Natural Resources and other entities and will play a crucial role in monitoring and enforcement efforts. Twenty fishers will receive training in environmental law enforcement, leadership, and ridge-to-reef ecosystem management.
The prominent new floating watchtower will, by its presence alone, help to deter illegal fishers. Located between two islands, it can be moved to a safe docking area during typhoons. Trained volunteers will occupy the watchtower 24/7, on a rotating basis. Big new signs at the entrance to the visitors center and other sites will provide interpretive information and remind people of the fishing rules.
Fishers will also monitor the sound in their own boats. When they spot illegal activity, they will notify authorities. If necessary, they will request backup from the barangay, coast guard, or Department of Natural Resources. Grant funds will provide equipment such as binoculars, life vests, and two-way radios.