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Cameroon

Tiko-Limbe Islands

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Conservation benefit: Conservation of 4,942 acres of mangrove and associated ecosystems for 25 years

Community benefit: Solar power for homes, a health center, and fish smokers and storage units; education campaign; ranger training; and support for monitoring and enforcement

Date Approved: 06.2022

Mangroves

This project protects mangroves, which trap more CO2 than any other kind of forest and as a result, slow global warming.

The Tiko-Limbe Islands are in the Gulf of Guinea, on Africa’s west coast. The area has incredibly high biodiversity and many endemic marine species, including four species of sea turtles, five whale species, the critically endangered West Indian Ocean coelacanth, the endangered West African manatee, and more. The endangered Cameroon clawless otter inhabits the islands’ bodies of freshwater.

These islands are among the least developed in the region, and most people live below poverty level. Mangroves are being destroyed for fuel for home fires and to dry fish, charcoal production, and construction materials for the mainland. Though marine management laws are in place, the area gets little true protection, and resources are being exploited. Fishers from neighboring countries use illegal toxic chemicals, contaminating groundwater in the process. The communities have poor health care facilities, and many have no electricity or potable water. The increasing population puts more strain on infrastructure and natural resources.

This project with local partner The Environment and Rural Development Foundation (ERuDeF) funds solar power for 40 homes and a health center. Solar-powered fish smokers and cold storage will also be provided for local artisanal fishers. Project partner ERuDeF estimates that these benefits can help increase household incomes by two to five percent per year.

The six island communities (Kangue, Mboma 1, Mboma 2, Mboko, Tachi, and Bwinga) have shown great commitment to protecting the area’s ecosystems. Each community will create a committee to monitor its part of the protected area. Working with the government Ministry of Forestry and Wildlife and other marine agencies, they will develop an organization called the Tiko-Limbe Three Islands Community Conservation Network to help enforce the rules. The organization will also spread the word about the effects of marine pollution through a series of environmental education sessions, newsletters, radio and TV programs, and public events.

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