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Federated States of Micronesia

Malem Municipality


Conservation benefit: Permanent protection of 10.5 acres of mangroves

Community benefit: Improvement of community sports field and addition of restrooms and rainwater tank

Date Approved: 02.2021


This project protects mangroves, which trap more CO2 than any other kind of forest and as a result, slow global warming.

If you conjured up a mental picture of “remote tropical island,” the image that came to mind might look a lot like Kosrae, in the central Pacific. More than 1,500 miles from any large land mass, Kosrae is covered by tropical forest and ringed by coral reefs.

The community of Malem (population about 1,300), is committed to preserving its mangrove forest, which contains nine species of mangroves. It is also home to many kinds of birds and fish, as well as crabs and monitor lizards. Vulnerable or endangered species are found there, including Micronesian fruit doves, blue-faced parrotfinches, and the big fruit bats called Kosrae flying foxes.

The community’s goal is to make the 10.5-acre Kupluc Mangrove Area part of the Kosrae Protected Areas System. The agreement with Seacology provides more evidence of the village’s commitment to conservation. The area is in very good condition now, but it is threatened by overharvesting of mangroves for firewood and construction. Roadbuilding near the mangroves has also been proposed. Tree-cutting has already damaged other areas on Kosrae, and a 2013 study concluded that the coast was eroding rapidly.

The village will use a Seacology grant to level and expand its sports field, which community members use for baseball, softball, track, and virtually all public events. Community leaders are keen to encourage children to exercise. In recent decades, Pacific Islanders’ adoption of an unhealthy Western diet has led to high levels of obesity and related diseases. The region has the highest rate of diabetes in the world.

They will also add a restroom, accessible to those with disabilities. Finally, they will install a 1,000-gallon rainwater catchment tank, ensuring a supply of fresh water for residents.

Project Updates

June 2022

The mangrove area is now part of the Kosrae Locally Managed Area Network, and the community has asked the government to make it part of the state protected area system. The community has not been able to get enough materials to finish the work on the sports fields. The new restroom’s foundation is finished, and pipes have been laid to the septic tank chamber. As of May, tin roofing material and water storage tanks were still unavailable on the island, but were expected soon.

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February 2022

Sports field improvements began in July 2021, but the community could not get enough materials to finish the work. They hope to get the rest of what they need delivered in February, but are concerned that the costs of supplies and shipping have gone up steeply during the pandemic. The community is looking for a contractor to build the restroom.

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June 2021

Community officials signed a management plan for the mangrove area and have applied to have the area incorporated into the Kosrae Protected Area Network. Soon they will begin preparing to install the restroom and rainwater storage tank, if construction supplies are available on the island.

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