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Pemba Island


Conservation benefit: Community conservation of the Pemba flying fox

Community benefit: Infrastructure and trail development, information and marketing materials, and ecotourism initiatives

Date Approved: 06.2007


This project protects forest, preventing the release of greenhouse gases and reducing erosion that damages coastal and ocean ecosystems.

The island of Pemba is part of the Zanzibar archipelago and lies 30 miles off the east coast of Tanzania. The island is famous for its rare endemic species, including the Pemba flying fox. These large fruit-eating bats prefer to roost in primary forest habitats; the rapid loss of this habitat, and hunting, have caused the species to become endangered. Only two sizeable chunks of natural undisturbed forest remain on the island. These forests are legally protected and are under the management of the Department of Commercial Crops, Fruits and Forests (DCCFF).

The rapid decline of the Pemba flying fox over recent years prompted Fauna & Flora International, in partnership with DCCFF, to begin awareness and monitoring campaigns with local communities. The organizations wish to link conservation and community livelihoods by implementing a tourism plan. They will work with the active community-based Pemba Flying Fox Associations of Ole Mjini (in the northeast of the island) and Kojani (a smaller island to the east of Pemba Island). The Seacology grant will help promote ecotourism by funding infrastructure development such as visitor centers, toilets, water systems, trails, interpretive materials, and marketing materials.

Project Updates

January 2009

As of September 2008, construction at Makoongqe was almost complete with the exception of sanitary facilities. Ranger shirts were produced at both locations, a women’s group was trained to create pottery and jewelry for the local ecotourism activities as a long-term alternative livelihood endeavor. Ecotourism training and environmental awareness education continued into November 2008.

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May 2008

Plans for the rest of 2008 were revised to include renovation of a small building at Makoongqe Island to support several local environmental clubs in the area and to improve the Makoongqe Village water supply system to support their commitment to the conservation of a flying fox roost site adjacent to the village.

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December 2007

As of November 2007 the construction of the visitor center building at Kidike was completed and a nature trail at Kojani was demarcated with interpretive signs showing directions and tourist attractions. Plans for 2008 include constructing the visitor center at Kojani, installing water supplies and sanitary facilities to both buildings, and creating and distributing flying fox educational materials.

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