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Alung Banoa


Conservation benefit: No-take marine zones

Community benefit: Community landing dock

Date Approved: 07.2002


This project protects ocean ecosystems, making coastal communities more economically and physically secure in the face of climate change.


This project protects seagrass, which traps more CO2 than any other marine ecosystem, slowing global warming.

Bunaken Island, the “crown jewel” of Indonesia’s Bunaken National Park, encompasses approximately five square miles (1,300 hectares) of land and reef and is home to over 3,000 native fisher-farmers. It is one of Asia’s best-known dive destinations. Unfortunately, despite its national park status, intense use of the area has degraded the island’s reef and seagrass beds.

The Bunaken Concerned Citizens’ Forum is working to balance the diverse demands of fishing, dive tourism, and biodiversity preservation. With the Bunaken National Park Office, it has created a locally managed marine conservation plan. The plan sets aside no-take zones and areas that allow only traditional, non-destructive fishing techniques.

In exchange, Seacology is funding a landing dock for the Alung Banoa community. This dock will help prevent damage to coral reefs and seagrass beds caused by boats that anchor in shallow water. It will also allow for much easier access to and from the village at low tide.

Project Updates

June 2008

An outbreak of Crown of Thorns starfish has occurred in the Bunaken National Park. Dive operators are currently working to remove the invasive species from the reefs, some reported as deep as 30 meters. Seacology staff will continue to monitor the progress.

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May 2008

The dock continues to be used to prevent anchoring within the reef area and Bunaken Island fisherfolk are abiding the no-fishing zones. The NSWA (North Sulawesi Watersports Association) conducts regular patrols within the reserve to prevent poaching by fishers from other areas. Dive operators are reporting more fish variety in the area.

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July 2004

Construction of the dock was completed and an opening ceremony was held in March, officiated by the mayor of Manado. The dock measures 595 feet long and has a small wooden structure on the end to act as a control point for park entrance fee collection and a community guard post. Steel rods have been put in place in case the villagers want to add cement railings in the future.

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November 2003

The village law delimiting the no-take zones and rules for Bunaken Village’s reef zonation has been finalized. Construction of the dock is underway and is expected to be completed by late November.

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