Tirta Gangga Water Palace, Karangasem

July 2002

Conservation and community benefit: Wastewater garden system at Tirta Gangga Water Palace

The island of Bali lies within the archipelagic nation of Indonesia. Over a million foreign tourists visit the “Island of the Gods” each year to see the beauty and unique culture of the island’s 3.5 million inhabitants.

The local government’s waste management services are not adequate to handle the heavy volume of waste generated through tourism. Tirta Gangga (Tirta=holy water and Gangga=Ganges river) was built in 1948 by the last king of Karangasem at one of Bali’s most beautiful sites. The palace is made up of gardens and spring-fed fountains, ponds, and a formal bathing pool. The solid and liquid waste generated by up to 200 visitors a day is negatively impacting the water quality throughout the surrounding area.

Seacology has assisted the Planetary Coral Reef Foundation to implement a garden system that organically breaks down wastewater and produces a rich habitat for vegetation. The wastewater garden will serve as a model for local governments, and will help a local resident group (Tirta Gangga Community Organization) in its efforts to clean up local water supplies.

Full or partial funding for this project provided by
Project Updates
July 2004
In 2003, the community bath house and wastewater system was completed. The garden's facilities are heavily used by both local people and tourists. Plants in the system continue to thrive,...
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